Dokita Volume 40 - issue ii - mental health and neurosciences edition

First Published: May 2023
Category: Mental Health, Neurosciences

Authors:

A.H. Abiodun, O. M. Nwafor, I.K. Bolakale-Rufai, O. Ogunleye, A.E. Adegeye, A.B. Diala, M.O. Yusuf, T.D Oni, O.F. Omoniyi

Editorial 1 - Mental Health and Neurosciences Edition - Issue II

The ensuing need for increase in mental health awareness is taking a toll amongst other topical diseases even on a global scale. The SDG Target 3.4, highlights that by 2030, there would be a reduction by one third, premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promotion of mental health and wellbeing. Altogether, this buttresses the need for mental health and neurosciences topics to be among the most discussed topical issue in the field of medicine. Mental health is important, as it is at the core of our emotional, psychological and social well being. 

Decades before, easily attached to mental health disorders are superstitious beliefs that had led to various stigmatisation and unusual punishment. Progress has been made, but there is still much work to be done, which has led the Board to painstakingly cull out topics in alignment with ‘mental health and neurosciences’ out of the broad wings of subjects in the field of medicine, striding with pertinent issues of the nation. From reviewing in this edition, the ‘Current management practices in the management of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder’ and ‘Diet and Nutrition in Autism Spectrum Disorder’, by Abiodun A. H. and Adegeye A. E. respectively, specifically targeted towards the paediatric population, to Ibiyo M. and Abiodun A. H. identifying challenges in diagnosing ‘Personality Disorders’. In the same vein, Nwafor O. reviewed ‘Conversion Disorder: Epidemiology, Symptoms and Management’. 

Anazor S. O. and Nwaze C. E. reviewed the ‘Prevalence and Correlates of Mental Disorders in the Undergraduate’ on a global scale, bringing to awareness common mental disorders undergraduates may face. Okonkwo M. describes the ‘Menace of Psychoactive Substance Use among Nigerian Undergraduates’. Bolakale-Rufai I. K., in her article ‘Depression and Suicidal Ideation among medical students: A Literature Review’ identified the association between depression and suicidal ideation as well as providing preventive strategies in the literature. At another length, Diala A. conducted a community based intervention on the ‘Awareness of Depression among Adolescents’ in Ibadan North LGA, Ibadan, South-West Nigeria engendering help seeking behavior amongst the adolescents, particularly when depression is identified. 

Omoniyi O. F. and Oni T. D. in their article “is this my baby”- a literature review on pueperal psychosis in Africa’ focused on the pathophysiology responsible for the short psychotic symptoms in the puerperium while Yusuf M highlights ‘The effect of postpartum depression on a child’s development’, the alternate end. 

Ugochi C. Okorafor elucidates ‘Gender differences in depression’, and Diala A. aimed at highlighting ‘Social media as an instrument in precipitating self harm and suicide among adolescents’. Maduka H. describes ‘the role of Electroconvulsive therapy in the treatment of mental health disorders’. It can be deduced that the articles in this edition span across various classes in the society, leaving no one behind even in line with United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. 

Ogbole G. I., et al, in their article,’ Diagnostic Imaging Tools in the Management of Childhood Epilepsy’, sought to identify technological advances in neuroimaging techniques that will aid diagnostic classifications of epilepsy. Neurosciences span beyond molecular biology of the nerve cells, it extends to biological basis responsible for emotion, cognitive and behavior disorders and in this light Ayesa P. answers the question of ‘Is Drug Addiction simply a Brain Disease?’. Uluocha I. highlights the burden of headache in her article ‘Migraine in Medical Students’. Ogunleye O. aimed to describe the effect of addiction to Pentazocine and its Prolonged Prescription in the Hospital in his article ‘Parenteral Pentazocine Abuse leading to Cutaneous Ulcers and Anaemia: a case report’, while Oni T. D. and Omoniyi O. F reviewed the organic brain disorder, ‘Uraemic encephalopathy’ in their article. And since Medicine extends its tentacles into the arts, some ‘extras’ have been added to this edition to savor the taste of the reader. 

Interestingly coincidental is the mental health bill which had remained the Lunacy Act for sixty five good years, but has been passed into Law in this year 2023. Indeed, this edition of the DOKITA Journal is a symbolic crucible at this point in the history of Nigeria. Members of the University of Ibadan Medicine Students’ Association have demonstrated their commitment to honing their skills in the aspect of research and scientific writing, by submitting articles, engendered towards contribution to this public health concern, leading to the production and publication of the 40th edition of the
journal (Mental Health and Neurosciences Edition). We believe this edition would reinforce more enactment of
policies and input of more resources geared towards addressing public health concern relating to mental health and
neurosciences.
I appreciate every author who has contributed to the 40th edition of the journal- DOKITA and also our peer reviewers
for their unparalleled support that despite their busy schedules, they carved out time to ensuring the articles are at par.
It’s an honor to have Professor O. O. Omigbodun, a Professor of Psychiatry and Provost, College of Medicine,
University of Ibadan, supervise this timely edition- the Board appreciates her effort in stirring the ship leading to the
production of this edition. I appreciate our indefatigable Board Chairman, Faculty Adviser, Editorial Consultants who
have contributed to making this edition a great success. I must immensely appreciate esteemed Board members
whom have weathered the storms for the production of the 40th edition of DOKITA- Mental health and Neurosciences.
It is worth it. 

Adejumoke Abiodun

Editor-in-Chief 

2019/2020

Editorial 2 - Mental Health and Neurosciences Edition - Issue II

The World Health Organization defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

For decades, healthcare has focused mostly on the physical care of an individual with little focus directed towards mental health and neurosciences, leading to a paucity of data needed to fully understand infirmities of the mind and how they affect not just the individual but the people around them. With a boom of awareness, the tide is shifting and more resources are now being put into this field. Hence, this edition of the journal is to help shed more light about mental health and neurosciences with a focus on how they impact an individual and their world at large. 

In light of the above and the existing information gap in these specialties particularly in Nigeria, this edition of DOKITA brings to the fore an array of reviews discussing several aspects of health as it pertains to Mental health and Neurosciences. 

M.C. Okonkwo presents us with the menace of psychoactive substance use among Nigerian ungergraduates; O. Omoniyi and T. Oni delve into puerperal psychosis and its implications to both the mother and her child. O. Ogunleye shows us in a case report the biological side effects of pentazocine addiction.

I.K. Bolakale-Rufai explores the association between depression and suicidal ideations among health professionals and E. A. Adenike elucidates on the relationship between diet and the severity of Autism. With these and more, I hope the readers of these articles find them educative and informative as it pertains to Mental health and Neurosciences. 

On behalf of the entire editorial team, I wish to appreciate the Board Chairman, Professor Akinyinka Omigbodun; the Faculty Adviser Dr. M.A. Salami; all Editorial Consultants and past Board members for their guidance and support throughout the process of creating this edition. I also wish to express our heartfelt gratitude to the supervisor of this edition; Professor Olayinka Omigbodun, current Provost of the College of Medicine, Ibadan for her time and support in making this edition of DOKITA a success. 

Millicent Maduka 

Editor-in-Chief 

2020/2021 

 

Content
  • Editorial Board
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Editorials
  • Current Practices in the Management of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder 
  • Conversion Disorder O. M. Nwafor
  • Depression and Suicidal Ideation among Medical Students: A literature review 
  • Parenteral Pentazocine Abuse leading to Cutaneous Ulcers and Anaemia: A case report 
  • Diet and Nutrition in Autistic Spectrum disorders
  • Social Media as an Instrument in precipitating self-harm and suicide among adolescents: An Article Review 
  • The Effects of Post Partum Depression on a Child’s Development 
  • Uraemic Encephalopathy
  • Interviews
  • DOKITA Extras: Poetry
  • DOKITA News
  • UIMSA News 
  • College News
  •  List of Graduands
  • DOKITA Editorial Board, Past Events..
  • SUBSCRIPTION PAGE
  • APPRECIATION