Dokita Volume 40 - issue i - mental health and neurosciences edition

First Published: May 2023
Category: Mental Health, Neurosciences

Authors:

C. O. Ugochi, M. Ibiyo, A. Abiodun, O. F. Omoniyi, T. D. Oni, S. O. Anazor and C. E. Nwaze, H. C. Maduka, M. C. Okonkwo, G.I. Ogbole, A.H. Abiodun, T. Balogun, M.T.
Ibagbe, P.O. Ayesa, C.I. Uluocha, A.B. Diala

Editorial - Mental Health and Neurosciences Edition - Issue I

In the early 1990s, a political initiative moved neurosciences into uncharted terrains and advanced scientific research worldwide. It was called the Decade of the Brain Movement, a campaign that created awareness about the benefits of a responsible and responsive worldwide investment in the study of the human brain. It was an important milestone that led to dynamic innovative research in neurosciences. It united policymakers and researchers in a joint cause. In the 2000s, the Decade of Behavior, the world’s attention was drawn to the importance of behavioral and social research. Neuroscientists unraveled how human behaviors may affect the larger society. However, this second initiative almost ended in an anti-climax because more and more studies focused on hypothetical behaviors than actual behaviors, and there were significantly striking differences between the findings in these studies. Unlike its precursor, the Decade of the Mind Project (2012-2022) consolidates the older initiatives to aid global understanding of how the mind and complex behaviors relate to activities of the human brain. 

These initiatives developed into multi-agency and multi-disciplinary collaborations, that differentiated into interesting scientific projects and discoveries. Their impacts have innervated the bulk and organs of our societal construct. Also, with newer technological advancements, our knowledge gap is bridged every microsecond. The initiatives have transformed our planet into a huge ball of research networks, in the attempt to understand one of the most complex organs on earth, and have greatly improved our insights into the human brain.

 As our world shrinks into a smaller village, we at DOKITA have joined up to focus on ‘Neurosciences and Mental Health’ for our 40th edition. We hope to create awareness, stimulate our student body about the opportunities in these areas, and allow newer information migrating across the globe to become productive collaborations that will affect our locality for the better like biochemical signals would during synaptic transmissions. We aim to project studies of the brain and mind, significantly suppress ‘neurophobia’, and generate an action potential that sufficiently inspires the training of more neuroscientists for the century. 

The articles herein focused on addictions and maladaptive behaviors, behavioral disorders, headache disorders, mood disorders among adolescents and postpartum women, and psychosocial issues such as the role of social media in selfharm and suicides among adolescents. Other articles elucidated complex concepts in diagnostic tools describing psychopathology and attempted to address misconceptions about therapies, for instance, the role of electroconvulsive therapy in the management of some psychiatric disorders. I implore you to read critically with an open mind. We are all affected by how each ailing brain impacts our world. As you read on, I bid you saltatory conduction, one article to the next!

 Many thanks to the authors, our peer-reviewers, and the indefatigable Board Chairman, Professor Akinyinka Omigbodun for his tenacity. Special thanks to Mr. Ezegwui Chidike, Ms. Eunice Olusoji, Ms. Oluwatosin Emmanuel, Ms. Adejumoke Abiodun, Mr. OgoOluwatan Odefemi, Ms. Millicent Maduka, and fellow board members, especially the Journal Committee that ensured this edition is a success. 

Morohunmubo Ibiyo

Editor-in-Chief 

2017/2018 Board year

Editorial - Mental Health and Neurosciences Edition - Issue I

It is undisputed that humans have made a lot of progress over the years in various ways. Many times, there are long
periods of apparent stagnation before what can then only be described as very rapid progress. Mental Health is no
exception, and many treatments and beliefs which were standard in the past are currently regarded as barbaric; these
include practices such as lobotomies, trephination, insulin coma therapies, and fever therapies. 

In recent years, the importance of mental health has been increasingly recognized by individuals and societies around
the world, and over the last few decades, significant progress has been made in the field of mental health, including
increased awareness and understanding of mental health issues and the development of new and more effective
treatments. There has also been significant progress when it comes to destigmatising mental health illnesses and
receiving mental health care. 

Another important development in mental health over the last few decades has been the increased availability of
mental health services. In many parts of the world, mental health services have traditionally been underfunded and
difficult to access, but this has begun to change in recent years. Governments and health care organizations have
recognized the importance of mental health and have invested in new programs and services to support those in need.
This includes initiatives to improve access to counselling and therapy (for teenagers as well as in academic environments
for instance), as well as increased funding for research into new treatments and interventions. 

The development of new and more effective treatments for mental health conditions has also been a major focus of
research over the last few decades. Advances in neuroscience and genetics have led to a better understanding of the
underlying causes of mental illness, which in turn has enabled the development of more targeted and effective treatments.
New medications have been developed that specifically target the biological pathways involved in conditions such as
depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia leading to significant improvements in symptom management for many patients.
The newer medications are generally more effective and have better side effects profiles than older medications. 

While significant progress has been made in mental health over the last few decades, there is still much work to be
done. Mental health remains a major public health challenge, with millions of people around the world still struggling
with conditions such as depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia. In many countries, mental health services remain
underfunded and difficult to access, particularly in rural and remote areas. These problems are even more pronounced
in low and middle-income countries such as Nigeria, and political/governmental will to effect changes is not as strong
as it is in high-income countries. 

To continue making progress in the field of mental health, it is important to continue investing in research, education,
and treatment. This includes funding for research into the underlying causes of mental illness, as well as the development
of new and more effective treatments. It should also include efforts to improve access to mental health services and
reduce the stigma surrounding mental health. 

In conclusion, the increasing importance of mental health has led to significant progress in the field, including increased
awareness and recognition of mental health issues, improved access to care, and the development of new and more
effective treatments. While there is still much work to be done, these developments offer hope for a brighter future for
the field of mental health and for those living with mental health illnesses.

Ogooluwatan Odefemi 

Editor-in-Chief 

2018/2019 Board year

Content
  • Editorial Board
  • Foreword
  • Preface
  • Editorial 1
  • Editorial 2
  • Foreword
  • Gender Differences in Depression – Literature Review
  • Personality Disorders: Challengers in Diagnosis
  • “Is this my Baby?” A Literature Review on Puerperal Psychosis in Africa
  • Prevalence and Correlates of Mental Disorders in Undergraduates: A Global Review
  • The Role of Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) in the Treatment of Mental Illness
  • The Menace of Psychoactive Substance Use among Nigerian Undergraduates
  • Diagnostic Imaging Tools in the Management Childhood Epilesy 
  • Is drug addiction simply a brain disease? 
  • Migraine in the Medical Student-A Review
  • Awareness of Depression among Adolescents in Nigeria. A Community-Based Intervention 
  • Interviews Perspectives in Mental and Neurosciences
  • DOKITA Extras: Poems and Proses
  • DOKITA News
  • UIMSA News
  • College News
  • List of Graduands
  • SUBSCRIPTION PAGE
  • APPRECIATION